viernes, 24 de diciembre de 2010

La Guerra de la Independencia Española (a.k.a. Peninsular War)

Only available in Spanish...

1. Who plotted the "Motín de Aranjuez"? Why?
2. The "Afrancesados" could be seen as good willing spaniards who wanted the modernization of the country or traitors who collaborated with the french invaders. What do you think? Traitors or progressives?
3. Name the main "Guerrilleros" mentioned in the documentary.

jueves, 9 de diciembre de 2010


Marxism is an economic and socio-political worldview that contains within it a political ideology for how to change and improve society by implementing socialism.

Originally developed in the early to mid nineteenth century by two German émigrés living in Britain, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Marxism is based upon a materialist interpretation of history. Taking the idea that social change occurs because of the struggle between different classes within society who are constantly competing to improve their conditions, the Marxist analysis leads to the conclusion that capitalism, the currently dominant form of economic management, leads to the oppression of the proletariat, who not only make up the majority of the world's populace but who also spend their lives working for the benefit of the bourgeoisie, or the wealthy ruling class in society.

To correct this inequality between the bourgeoisie, who are the wealthy minority, and the proletariat, who are the poorer majority, Marxism advocates, and believes in the historical inevitability of, a proletarian revolution, when the proletariat take control of government, and then implement reforms to benefit their class, namely the confiscation of private property which is then taken under state control and run for the benefit of the people rather than for the interests of private profit. Such a system is socialism, although Marxists believe that eventually a socialist society would develop into an entirely classless system, which is known as communism in Marxist thought.

jueves, 25 de noviembre de 2010

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transport, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions starting in the United Kingdom, then subsequently spreading throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world. The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in human history; almost every aspect of daily life was eventually influenced in some way.

Most notably, average income and population began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth. In the two centuries following 1800, the world's average per capita income increased over 10-fold, while the world's population increased over 6-fold.

Starting in the later part of the 18th century there began a transition in parts of Great Britain's previously manual labour and draft-animal–based economy towards machine-based manufacturing. It started with the mechanization of the textile industries, the development of iron-making techniques and the increased use of refined coal. Trade expansion was enabled by the introduction of canals, improved roads and railways.

1- List the Pros & Cons of the Industrial Revolution.
2- According to the Video, describe the child labour conditions in the mills of New England in the 1830's.

lunes, 15 de noviembre de 2010

Bismarck: Germany From Blood and Iron

Otto von Bismarck (1815 – 1898) was a Prussian/German statesman of the late 19th century, and a dominant figure in world affairs. As Prime Minister of Prussia from 1862–1890, he oversaw the unification of Germany. In 1867 he became Chancellor of the North German Confederation. He designed the German Empire in 1871, becoming its first Chancellor and dominating its affairs until he was fired by Wilhelm II in 1890. His diplomacy of Realpolitik and powerful rule gained him the nickname "The Iron Chancellor".

He used balance-of-power diplomacy to keep Europe peaceful in the 1870s and 1880s. He created a new nation with a progressive social policy, a result that went beyond his initial goals as a practitioner of power politics in Prussia. Bismarck, a devout Lutheran and loyal to his king, promoted government through a strong, bureaucracy with a hereditary monarchy at the top.

1- Why does Bismarck say it is only outside Prussia that they can strengthen their position inside Germany?
2- What's the Realpolitik?

miércoles, 3 de noviembre de 2010

Ejes Cronológicos 1ª Ev.


  • Se organizarán grupos de trabajo para la confección de una herramienta historiográfica de importancia capital: el Eje Cronológico.

  • Cada grupo deberá trasladar a una cartulina mural cada uno de los ejes propuestos por el profesor. Los contenidos textuales pueden imprimirse desde un procesador de textos y las imágenes ilustrativas pueden ser obtenidas en Internet. Se espera que el grupo respete las proporciones y la escala del eje propuesto.

  • La calificación del trabajo se compartirá entre los miembros del grupo y constituirá el 20 % de la nota de la primera evaluación.

  • Los integrantes de cada grupo se repartirán equitativamente el trabajo en funciones y tiempo: redacción e impresión de los contenidos textuales, trazado de las líneas y ejes, coloreado de las franjas etcétera. Se invita a poner en conocimiento del profesor los nombres de aquellas personas que no compartan el peso y las responsabilidades del trabajo de forma justa.

  • La fecha límite de entrega de los trabajos será el 17 de diciembre de 2010.
  • 4ºESO A: Los trabajos se repartirán en 3 grupos de 3 personas y 1 grupo de 4 en función de las dimensiones y contenidos del eje cronológico.





  • 4ºESO B: Los trabajos se repartirán en 5 grupos de 4 personas y 2 grupos de 3 en función de las dimensiones y contenidos del eje cronológico.








Napoleon Bonaparte in 5 minutes.

Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a military and political leader of France and Emperor of the French as Napoleon I, whose actions shaped European politics in the early 19th century.

Napoleon was born in Corsica to parents of minor noble Italian ancestry and trained as an artillery officer in mainland France. Bonaparte rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the First and Second Coalitions arrayed against France. In 1799, he staged a coup d'état and installed himself as First Consul; five years later the French Senate proclaimed him emperor. In the first decade of the 19th century, the French Empire under Napoleon engaged in a series of conflicts—the Napoleonic Wars—involving every major European power. After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the French sphere of influence through the formation of extensive alliances and the appointment of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French client states.

The French invasion of Russia in 1812 marked a turning point in Napoleon's fortunes. His Grande Armée was badly damaged in the campaign and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at Leipzig; the following year the Coalition invaded France, forced Napoleon to abdicate and exiled him to the island of Elba. Less than a year later, he escaped and returned to power, but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. Napoleon spent his last six years in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena.

And now... Was Napoleon a great statesman or a crazy dictator? What do you think ...?

miércoles, 27 de octubre de 2010

The Reign of Terror in the French Revolution.

Focusing on both humanity's idealism and its capacity for violence, this program dramatizes the ways in which the noble motives and legitimate causes of the French Revolution managed to spiral into a reign of terror, as the revolutionaries' original goals become overshadowed by the radical tactics of Robespierre and other leaders.

viernes, 22 de octubre de 2010

miércoles, 13 de octubre de 2010

"Les Liaisons dangereuses" or the decadence of the Ancien Régime.

Les Liaisons dangereuses (Dangerous Liaisons) is a French epistolary novel by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, first published in four volumes by Durand Neveu from March 23, 1782.

It is the story of the Marquise de Merteuil and the Vicomte de Valmont, two rivals (and ex-lovers) who use sex as a weapon to humiliate and degrade others, all the while enjoying their cruel games. It has been claimed to depict the decadence of the French aristocracy shortly before the French Revolution, thereby exposing the perversions of the so-called Ancien Régime. However, it has also been described as a vague, amoral story.