lunes, 15 de noviembre de 2010

Bismarck: Germany From Blood and Iron

Otto von Bismarck (1815 – 1898) was a Prussian/German statesman of the late 19th century, and a dominant figure in world affairs. As Prime Minister of Prussia from 1862–1890, he oversaw the unification of Germany. In 1867 he became Chancellor of the North German Confederation. He designed the German Empire in 1871, becoming its first Chancellor and dominating its affairs until he was fired by Wilhelm II in 1890. His diplomacy of Realpolitik and powerful rule gained him the nickname "The Iron Chancellor".

He used balance-of-power diplomacy to keep Europe peaceful in the 1870s and 1880s. He created a new nation with a progressive social policy, a result that went beyond his initial goals as a practitioner of power politics in Prussia. Bismarck, a devout Lutheran and loyal to his king, promoted government through a strong, bureaucracy with a hereditary monarchy at the top.

1- Why does Bismarck say it is only outside Prussia that they can strengthen their position inside Germany?
2- What's the Realpolitik?

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